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First professional degree

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What They Do

Psychiatrists Career Video

About This Career

Diagnoses, treats, and helps prevent mental disorders.

This career is part of the Health Science cluster Therapeutic Services pathway.

A person in this career:

  • Prescribes, directs, or administers psychotherapeutic treatments or medications to treat mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders.
  • Gathers and maintains patient information and records, including social or medical history obtained from patients, relatives, or other professionals.
  • Designs individualized care plans, using a variety of treatments.
  • Collaborates with physicians, psychologists, social workers, psychiatric nurses, or other professionals to discuss treatment plans and progress.
  • Analyzes and evaluates patient data or test findings to diagnose nature or extent of mental disorder.
  • Examines or conducts laboratory or diagnostic tests on patients to provide information on general physical condition or mental disorder.
  • Counsels outpatients or other patients during office visits.
  • Advises or informs guardians, relatives, or significant others of patients' conditions or treatment.
  • Teaches, takes continuing education classes, attends conferences or seminars, or conducts research and publishes findings to increase understanding of mental, emotional, or behavioral states or disorders.
  • Reviews and evaluates treatment procedures and outcomes of other psychiatrists or medical professionals.

Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 10 lbs., sometimes up to 20 lbs. You might do a lot of walking or standing, or you might sit but use your arms and legs to control machines, equipment or tools.
  • Exposed to disease and infections more than once a month through work such as patient care, laboratory work, and sanitation control
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves sitting more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person

Work Hours and Travel

  • Irregular hours
  • Overtime work
  • Weekend work

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Adult Psychiatrist
  • Child Psychiatrist
  • Consulting Psychiatrist
  • Medical Doctor (MD) — Evaluate symptoms, runs tests to determine what is wrong with a patient and prescribes treatment.
  • Outpatient Psychiatrist
  • Prison Psychiatrist
  • Staff Psychiatrist


  • Email Support

  • 1-800-GO-TO-XAP (1-800-468-6927)
    From outside the U.S., please call +1 (424) 750-3900


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